FOUNDATIONS OF THE SUNNAH by Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal pdf download



FOUNDATIONS OF THE SUNNAH by Ahmad ibn Muhammad  ibn Hanbal pdf download

Book contents 

  • Introduction by Fawwaaz Ahmad az-Zumarlee Part One: A Brief Note on Usoolus-Sunnah The Foundations of the Sunnah
  • Part Two: The Sunnah upon which the Messenger of Allaah died
  • Part Three: A Description of the Believer from Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah
  • Chapter One : The Life and Trials of Imaarn Ahmad
  • Chapter Two : On the Meaning of Eemaan – A Refutation of the Mu’tazilah of Today
  • Chapter Three : Some Sayings from the Salaf Concerning Allaah’s Attributes and their Consensus Concerning the Falsehood of Ta’weel – A refutation of the Ash’ariyyah
  • Chapter Four : Affirming the Attributes of Allaah with their Dhaahir (Apparent) and Haqeeqi (Real) Meaning and a Refutation that the Way of the Salaf was Allegedly Tafweedh
    • A Refutation of the Mufawwidah  
  • Chapter Five : The Consensus of the Salaf from among the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger on the Prohibition of Reviling the Rulers and Publicizing their Faults, be they
  • Righteous or Sinful – A Refutation of the Khawaarij
  • Chapter Six : The Distinguishing Signs of Ahlus-Sunnah
  • Chapter Seven : The Distinguishing Signs of Ahlul-Bid’ah (the People of Innovation
  • Chapter Eight : On the Prohibition of Sitting with the People of Innovation; Listening to them, Arguing with them, To Abandon them and those who Associate with them.
  • Chapter Nine – On the Necessity of Accepting the Ahadeeth Reported by Reliable and Trustworthy Narrators Mentioning the Attributes of Allaah – A Refutation against the Rationalist School of Thought
  • Chapter Ten – The Ahadeeth of Abul-l-lasan al-Ash’aree and a Refutation of the Ash’ariyyah
  • Glossary of Arabic Terms

About the book

The importance of this treatise, like the importance of the one before it 1 is that it belongs to an honorable Imam, the revered Imam, the scholar, the teacher, the Reviver of the Sunnah, the Subduer of Innovation, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal, may Allaah be pleased with him.

And this is a summarisation of his belief, may Allaah have mercy upon him, drawn from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and from that which the scholars of the Salaf and the Ashaabul- Hadeeth (People of Hadeeth) were upon and which they adopted and divulged and made the people hold as their belief.

I was eager that those whose works are included in this collection be (only) those whom the scholars can depend upon with respect to their sayings, as well as the smallness and condenses of the work in question, so that it can he easily understood and acquired by the people in general.

This (present) treatise actually consists of a number of the works of Imaam Ahmad on the subject of creed. I came across them during my verification of the book ‘Tahaqaatut- Hanaabilah’ by Qaadi Muhammad ibn Abee Ya’laa, and these are:

The first treatise ‘Usoolus-Sunnah’ (The Foundations of the Sunnah). I have also verified it using the manuscript of our Shaikh, Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee which was published in the magazine ‘al-Mujaahid’ in the Sha’baan edition, 1411H.

The second treatise ‘The Sunnah upon which the Messenger (swallallahu alaihi wasallam) died.’ The third treatise ‘A Description of the Believer from Ahlus- Sunnah Wal – Jamaa’ah Aboo ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Fawwaaz Ahmad Zumarlee 15th Shawwaal 1411H Tripoli Lebanon


This treatise has been mentioned in Tabaqaatul- Hanaabilah (1/ 241-246) in the biography of ‘Abdoos ibn Maalik, one of the nearest students of Imaam Ahmad.

Another concise summary of his creed can be found in the same work Tabaqaatul-Hanaabilah (1/311-313), “Abul-Husain Muhammad ibn Abee Ya’laa said: I quoted from Ahmad ash- Shanjee with his isnaad that he said:

I heard from Muhammad ibn ‘Awf saying: Ahmad ibn Hanbal dictated to me…” and then he mentioned it.

The Imaam al-Laalikaa’ee has also mentioned this creed in his Sharh Usool I‘tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa‘ah (1/156-164) where he said, “‘Alee ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullaah as-Sakaree informed us that ‘Uthmaan ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Abdullaah ibn Bareed (or Yazeed) ad-Daqeeqee narrated to us saying:

 Aboo Muhammad al-Hasan ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab, Abul-Anbar narrated to us: reading from his book, in the month of Rabee’ul-Awwal, two hundred and ninety-three (293H), saying:

Aboo Ja’far Muhammad ibn Sulaymaan al-Munqiri, of Tinnees, narrated to us Saying: ‘Abdoos ibn Maalik al-’Attaar narrated to us saying: I heard Aboo ‘Abdullaah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal saying…,” then he mentioned the creed, all of it.

Also the magazine, al-Mujaahid, published the treatise, ‘Usoolus-Sunnah’ in the Sha’baan edition in 1411H taken from the manuscript which had been put together with the painstaking efforts of our Shaikh Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al- Albaanee, may Allah protect him 3.

There are some differences between the manuscripts and I have indicated them in my footnotes to the text of this creed.

Steps in the Verification of this Treatise

  • I have depended upon the two printings of this creed in my verification of it. The first: the one present in Tabaqaatul. Hanaabilah and the second, the one mentioned in Shark Usool I’tiqaad of the Imaam al-Laalikaa’ee. The first one has been published in the magazine al-Mujaahid and was taken from the manuscript copy of the Muhaddith of the Era, Muhammad Naasir ud-Deen Albaanee, may Allaah protect him, and I have recondled between whatever differences were found in the manuscripts
  • I have referenced the Qur’anic aayahs, the ahaadeeth and their sayings wherever I found it possible.
  • I have provided biographies of the notable people that have been mentioned in the treatise

I ask Allaah that He gives me success in that which He loves and is eased with from among the sayings, actions and beliefs. That He moves us from falling into mistakes, that He grants us safety from desires and innovations and that he makes this work in the balance my good deeds on the day that I meet Him.

Aboo ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Fawwaaz Ahmad Zumarlee 15th Shawwaal 1411H Tripoli Lebanon


Al-Qaadee Abul-Husain Muhammad ibn Abee Ya’laa said: I read to al-Mubaarak saying to him: ‘Abdul-’Azeez al-Azjee informed us: ‘Alee ibn Bushraan informed us: ‘Uthmaan, known as Ibnus-Samaak, informed us: al-Hasan ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab

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